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Planar Pythagorean-Hodograph B-Spline curves

Abstract : We introduce a new class of planar Pythagorean-Hodograph (PH) B-Spline curves. They can be seen as a generalization of the well-known class of planar Pythagorean-Hodograph (PH) Bézier curves, presented by R. Farouki and T. Sakkalis in 1990, including the latter ones as special cases. Pythagorean-Hodograph B-Spline curves are non-uniform parametric B-Spline curves whose arc length is a B-Spline function as well. An important consequence of this special property is that the offsets of Pythagorean-Hodograph B-Spline curves are non-uniform rational B-Spline (NURBS) curves. Thus, although Pythagorean-Hodograph B-Spline curves have fewer degrees of freedom than general B-Spline curves of the same degree, they offer unique advantages for computer-aided design and manufacturing, robotics, motion control, path planning, computer graphics, animation, and related fields. After providing a general definition for this new class of planar parametric curves, we present useful formulae for their construction and discuss their remarkable attractive properties. Then we solve the reverse engineering problem consisting of determining the complex pre-image spline of a given PH B-Spline, and we also provide a method to determine within the set of all PH B-Splines the one that is closest to a given reference spline having the same degree and knot partition.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 25, 2021 - 3:20:26 PM
Last modification on : Monday, July 4, 2022 - 3:06:48 PM

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Gudrun Albrecht, Carolina Vittoria Beccari, Jean-Charles Canonne, Lucia Romani. Planar Pythagorean-Hodograph B-Spline curves. Computer Aided Geometric Design, Elsevier, 2017, 57, pp.57-77. ⟨10.1016/j.cagd.2017.09.001⟩. ⟨hal-03234857⟩

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