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Une conception anthropo-centrée pour casser le mythe de l’«Humain Magique» en Génie Industriel ?

Abstract : Even in the more recent intelligent industrial systems equipped with distributed, holonic and multi-agent architectures, design approaches do not take the human operators as a matter of priority to face unforeseen or delicate situations. This approach currently used in industrial engineering and called techno-centered design approach, do not explicitly take the humans into account (or very partially) when the system operates correctly, but supposes the human is endowed with “magic capabilities” to fix difficult situations. This paper claims that the Human Operator(s) role must be defined at the early design phase of the manufacturing system control. We try to show the Human Centered Design approaches that place explicitly the “human in the loop” of the system to be automated. We first show the limits of techno-centered design methods. Secondly we propose the principles of a balanced function allocation between human and machine and even a real cooperation between them. The approach is based on the system decomposition into an abstraction hierarchy for instance structural or temporal (strategic, tactical, and operational). A relevant knowledge of the human capabilities and limits allows the task allocation and leads to the choice of the adequate Level of Automation (LoA) according to the system situation
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https://hal-uphf.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03413155
Contributor : Mylène Delrue Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, November 3, 2021 - 3:50:52 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 4, 2021 - 4:07:45 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-03413155, version 1

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Patrick Millot, Marie-Pierre Pacaux-Lemoine, Damien Trentesaux. Une conception anthropo-centrée pour casser le mythe de l’«Humain Magique» en Génie Industriel ?. 11e CONGRES INTERNATIONAL DE GENIE INDUSTRIEL – CIGI2015, Oct 2015, Quebec, Canada. ⟨hal-03413155⟩

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