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Robust acoustic bird recognition for habitat monitoring with wireless sensor networks

Abstract : The key solution to study birds in their natural habitat is the continuous survey using wireless sensors networks (WSN). The final objective of this study is to conceive a system for monitoring threatened bird species using audio sensor nodes. The principal feature for their recognition is their sound. The main limitations encountered with this process are environmental noise and energy consumption in sensor nodes. Over the years, a variety of birdsong classification methods has been introduced, but very few have focused to find an adequate one for WSN. In this paper, a tonal region detector (TRD) using sigmoid function is proposed. This approach for noise power estimation offers flexibility, since the slope and the mean of the sigmoid function can be adapted autonomously for a better trade-off between noise overvaluation and undervaluation. Once the tonal regions in the noisy bird sound are detected, the features gammatone teager energy cepstral coefficients (GTECC) post-processed by quantile-based cepstral normalization were extracted from the above signals for classification using deep neural network classifier. Experimental results for the identification of 36 bird species from Tonga lake (northeast of Algeria) demonstrate that the proposed TRD–GTECC feature is highly effective and performs satisfactorily compared to popular front-ends considered in this study. Moreover, recognition performance, noise immunity and energy consumption are considerably improved after tonal region detection, indicating that it is a very suitable approach for the acoustic bird recognition in complex environments with wireless sensor nodes.
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Contributor : Mylène Delrue Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, November 12, 2021 - 5:37:50 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, November 13, 2021 - 3:53:18 AM




Amira Boulmaiz, Djemil Messadeg, Noureddine Doghmane, Abdelmalik Taleb-Ahmed. Robust acoustic bird recognition for habitat monitoring with wireless sensor networks. International Journal of Speech Technology, Springer Verlag, 2016, 19 (3), pp.631-645. ⟨10.1007/s10772-016-9354-4⟩. ⟨hal-03426960⟩



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