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Characterization of particulate matter emissions in urban train braking - An investigation of braking conditions influence on a reduced-scale device

Abstract : The particulate matter emissions related to the braking of railway rolling stock are investigated using a reduced scale braking device. Samples of organic materials and cast iron discs are tested for different nominal contact pressures and disc surface temperatures, representative of real conditions. The aim of this work is to investigate the influence of braking conditions on the global amount of particles emitted, their distribution in number and size, and their morphological and chemical characteristics. To be representative, the tested conditions are designed to dissipate the same amount of energy for all the braking events by adjusting the pad application duration. The results show that for the same dissipated energy, a temperature increase above a transition value in the range of 230-280 ∘C depending on the braking conditions modifies the size and number distributions of the generated particles. The results obtained are of interest to better represent their propagation through CFD modelling according to the characteristic of the particle emission.
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Contributor : Mylène Delrue Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, November 22, 2021 - 1:54:16 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 25, 2021 - 9:26:02 AM

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Charlène Octau, Damien Méresse, Michel Watremez, Jesse Schiffler, Marc Lippert, et al.. Characterization of particulate matter emissions in urban train braking - An investigation of braking conditions influence on a reduced-scale device. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, Springer Verlag, 2020, 27 (15), pp.18615-18631. ⟨10.1007/s11356-020-08337-8⟩. ⟨hal-03440107⟩

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