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Corticomuscular Coherence and Motor Control Adaptations after Isometric Maximal Strength Training

Abstract : Strength training (ST) induces corticomuscular adaptations leading to enhanced strength. ST alters the agonist and antagonist muscle activations, which changes the motor control, i.e., force production stability and accuracy. This study evaluated the alteration of corticomuscular communication and motor control through the quantification of corticomuscular coherence (CMC) and absolute (AE) and variable error (VE) of the force production throughout a 3 week Maximal Strength Training (MST) intervention specifically designed to strengthen ankle plantarflexion (PF). Evaluation sessions with electroencephalography, electromyography, and torque recordings were conducted pre-training, 1 week after the training initiation, then post-training. Training effect was evaluated over the maximal voluntary isometric contractions (MVIC), the submaximal torque production, AE and VE, muscle activation, and CMC changes during submaximal contractions at 20% of the initial and daily MVIC. MVIC increased significantly throughout the training completion. For submaximal contractions, agonist muscle activation decreased over time only for the initial torque level while antagonist muscle activation, AE, and VE decreased over time for each torque level. CMC remained unaltered by the MST. Our results revealed that neurophysiological adaptations are noticeable as soon as 1 week post-training. However, CMC remained unaltered by MST, suggesting that central motor adaptations may take longer to be translated into CMC alteration.
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https://hal-uphf.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03464254
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Submitted on : Friday, December 3, 2021 - 9:59:16 AM
Last modification on : Monday, January 10, 2022 - 6:36:02 PM

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Dimitri Elie, Franck Barbier, Ghassan Ido, Sylvain Cremoux. Corticomuscular Coherence and Motor Control Adaptations after Isometric Maximal Strength Training. Brain Sciences, MDPI, 2021, 11 (2), pp.254. ⟨10.3390/brainsci11020254⟩. ⟨hal-03464254⟩

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