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Trunk’s natural inclination influences stance limb kinetics, but not body kinematics, during gait initiation in able men

Abstract : The imposing mass of the trunk in relation to the whole body has an important impact on human motion. The objective of this study is to determine the influence of trunk's natural inclination - forward (FW) or backward (BW) with respect to the vertical - on body kinematics and stance limb kinetics during gait initiation. Twenty-five healthy males were divided based on their natural trunk inclination (FW or BW) during gait initiation. Instantaneous speed was calculated at the center of mass at the first heel strike. The antero-posterior impulse was calculated by integrating the antero-posterior ground reaction force in time. Ankle, knee, hip and thoraco-lumbar (L5) moments were calculated using inverse dynamics and only peaks of the joint moments were analyzed. Among all the investigated parameters, only joint moments present significant differences between the two groups. The knee extensor moment is 1.4 times higher (P<0.001) for the BW group, before the heel contact. At the hip, although the BW group displays a flexor moment 2.4 times higher (P<0.001) before the swing limb's heel-off, the FW group displays an extensor moment 3.1 times higher (P<0.01) during the swing phase. The three L5 extensor peaks after the toe-off are respectively 1.7 (P<0.001), 1.4 (P<0.001) and 1.7 (P<0.01) times higher for the FW group. The main results support the idea that the patterns described during steady-state gait are already observable during gait initiation. This study also provides reference data to further investigate stance limb kinetics in specific or pathologic populations during gait initiation. It will be of particular interest for elderly people, knowing that this population displays atypical trunk postures and present a high risk of falling during this forward stepping.
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Submitted on : Thursday, April 14, 2022 - 10:56:07 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, April 14, 2022 - 11:01:57 AM
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Sebastien Leteneur, Emilie Simoneau-Buessinger, Christophe Gillet, Yoann Dessery, Franck Barbier. Trunk’s natural inclination influences stance limb kinetics, but not body kinematics, during gait initiation in able men. PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2013, 8 (1), pp.e55256. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0055256⟩. ⟨hal-03544446⟩

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