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Les principautés de Flandre et de Hainaut aux XIe-XIIe siècles : identité, perception, relations

Abstract : The objective of the article is to analyse, from the study of social relations in the narrative and diplomatic sources, the perception of distinctions between the principalities of Flanders and Hainaut in the eleventh and twelfth centuries, their natures and their evolutions. It thus shows how they are perceived as two distinct territories, with their identity referents, and then how their neighbourly situation leads them to maintain multifaceted relations that oscillate between alliances, competition and conflict, reinforcing the sense of belonging to each, without excluding multiple permeabilities. Depending on the angle and scale of observation, different types of territorial disparities emerge, particularly in terms of power : on the one hand, various indications suggest the political superiority of Flanders over Hainaut, even if it is the count of Hainaut who ends up imposing, at the end of the twelfth century, at the head of the two principalities ; on the other hand, the structuring of each of the principalities leads to the definition of a center and a periphery in which the power is anchored differently ; finally, the affirmation of identity of the two principalities does not exclude the recognition of smaller (seigniories) or larger (kingdoms) territorial entities, with identity equally affirmed and with which the countal power must take into account.
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Submitted on : Friday, April 1, 2022 - 1:36:13 PM
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Emmanuelle Santinelli-Foltz. Les principautés de Flandre et de Hainaut aux XIe-XIIe siècles : identité, perception, relations. Revue du Nord, Université de Lille, 2019, Disparités en terres du Nord, du Moyen Âge à nos jours, 429 (1), pp.15-40. ⟨10.3917/rdn.429.0015⟩. ⟨hal-03627541⟩



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