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Les adjectifs tough et le marquage de l’infinitif en néerlandais

Abstract : In Dutch, the adjectives meaning ‹difficult› or ‹easy› enter into two constructions, distinguished by the presence or absence of the complementizer OM and considered entirely distinct in the literature. The aim of this study is to show that these two constructions correspond to two different analyses of the Tough construction in English and give rise to two different delimitations of the class of tough adjectives. The construction with OM, labeled easy-to-please, may be analyzed as a reduced relative, implying ‹A’-movement›, whereas the modal infinitive, without OM, shows properties of a raising structure, hence ‹A-movement›, like passive. We also show that tough adjectives in the strict sense, meaning ‹difficult› or ‹easy›, have a clear preference for the modal infinitive construction, which is the real Tough construction in Dutch.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 5, 2022 - 10:54:52 AM
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Véronique Lagae, Marleen van Peteghem. Les adjectifs tough et le marquage de l’infinitif en néerlandais. Langages, Armand Colin (Larousse jusqu'en 2003), 2020, 218 (2), pp.53-74. ⟨10.3917/lang.218.0053⟩. ⟨hal-03630661⟩



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