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Carpal height and postoperative strength after proximal row carpectomy or four-corner arthrodesis: Clinical, anatomical and biomechanical study

Abstract : Proximal row carpectomy (PRC) and four-corner arthrodesis (4CA) are the two most commonly performed surgical procedures to treat wrist arthritis. Postoperative strength is one of the criteria for choosing between the two techniques. Some authors believe that strength is correlated with residual carpal height. The goal of this study was to determine if postoperative carpal height was predictive of postoperative strength. This study consisted of two parts: a clinical evaluation of grip strength after 4CA or PRC; anatomical and radiological measurements of carpal height before and after 4CA or PRC. Grip strength was better preserved after PRC (87.5%) than after 4CA (76.1%), when expressed relative to the opposite hand (P = 0.053). There was a significant decrease in carpal height for the PRC group with a Youm's index of 0.37 versus 0.50 for the 4CA group (P < 0.0001). Our clinical results and analysis of the literature indicate that 4CA is not superior to PRC when it comes to grip strength, whereas carpal height is significantly decreased after PRC. The decreased tendon excursion after PRC is balanced by an increase in joint stresses after 4CA.
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https://hal-uphf.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03669909
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 17, 2022 - 9:45:00 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, May 18, 2022 - 3:40:16 AM

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Pascale Laronde, Nicolas Christiaens, Aurélien Aumar, Christophe Chantelot, Christian Fontaine. Carpal height and postoperative strength after proximal row carpectomy or four-corner arthrodesis: Clinical, anatomical and biomechanical study. Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation, Elsevier, 2016, 35 (2), pp.100-106. ⟨10.1016/j.hansur.2016.01.003⟩. ⟨hal-03669909⟩

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