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Développement et évaluation de méthodes d'estimation des masses segmentaires basées sur des données géométriques et sur les forces externes : comparaison de modèles anthropométriques et géométriques

Abstract : Use of body segment parameters close to reality is of the utmost importance in order to obtain reliable kinetics during human motion analysis. Human body is modeled as a various number of solids in the majority of human movement studies. This research aims at developing and testing two methods for the estimation of these solid masses, also known as segment masses. Both methods are based on the static equilibrium principle for several solids. The first method’s goal is to provide with limb masses using total limb centre of mass and centre of pressure, projection on the horizontal plane of the total subject’s body centre of gravity, displacements. Ratio between these displacement being the same as the ratio of limb and total body masses, the knowledge of the latter allows for the calculation of the former. The second method aims at estimation all segment masses simultaneously by resolving series of static equilibrium equations, making the same assumption that centre of pressure is total body centre of mass projection and using segment centre of mass estimations. Interest of the new methods used in this research is due to the use of individual segment centre of mass estimations using a geometrical model together with material routinely utilized in human motion analysis in order to obtain estimates of body segment masses. Limb mass estimations method performs better predicting a posteriori center of mass displacement when compared to other methods. Some of the potential causes of the second method’s failure have been investigated through the study of centre of pressure location uncertainty.
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https://hal-uphf.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03001797
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Submitted on : Thursday, November 12, 2020 - 3:05:58 PM
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Julien Leboucher. Développement et évaluation de méthodes d'estimation des masses segmentaires basées sur des données géométriques et sur les forces externes : comparaison de modèles anthropométriques et géométriques. Informatique [cs]. Université de Valenciennes et du Hainaut-Cambrésis, 2007. Français. ⟨NNT : 2007VALE0007⟩. ⟨tel-03001797⟩

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