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Les destinées divergentes des territoires lainiers : l'exemple de Reims et d'Amiens (1786-1860)

Abstract : n the eighteenth century, Amiens constitutes a high place of the worsted clothes, with important exports to Spain and its colonies.At the same time, Reims, also specialized in the worsted clothes, constitutes a place of lower importance. In 1860, the situation is totally opposite: Reims is at the top of the hierarchy, along with Roubaix-Tourcoing, whereas Amiens seems to like being in a soft lethargy. Quality of the products, know-how of the manufacturers but also of the local labour, affluence, advanced mechanization, prosperity, integrity…The praise of Reims by the contemporaries denounces even better the difficulties and the inadequacies of its picarde colleagues. How to explain such a difference of the industrial destinies? This thesis is about to try to bring answers thanks to often original sources. In order to compare both places, the study is made on the scale of the industrial territory. It shows the constant efforts of the manufacturers to develop their productions, their jobs in dyeing and mechanical engineering, the adaptations of their industrial territories. Above all, it emphasizes the role of some men whose destiny is closely linked to the industrial destinies of their town.
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Submitted on : Friday, November 13, 2020 - 6:10:12 PM
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Guillaume Wroblewski. Les destinées divergentes des territoires lainiers : l'exemple de Reims et d'Amiens (1786-1860). Sciences de l'Homme et Société. Université de Valenciennes et du Hainaut-Cambrésis, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010VALE0019⟩. ⟨tel-03004840⟩

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