Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Theses

Analyse et quantification des comportements des conducteurs automobiles lors des phases de pré-crash : Contribution au développement d'un modèle de détection des postures de conduite en temps réel

Abstract : Standardisation of crash-tests implies that the occupants are protected and seated with a predetermined position. In addition, standardisation does not take into account individual characteristics, real position and anticipatory reactions during a crash. Thus, it is essential to study the incidences of human beings' morphologies before a crash. It is indeed very important to study the effects of real, standardised and atypical postures in relation with the active protection systems. In fact, during the phase called pre-crash, the driver anticipates and tries to avoid the crash with a swerving movement. During the crash, these kinematics and dynamical modifications increase the injuries severity of the car occupant. Thus, a new concept of automobile safety was developed by the C2S, a LAMIH's research team, and the INRETS-LBMC laboratory. This concept consists of deducing, in real time, the anthropometry, and the driver's reactions and postures, with basic sensors, in order to adapt driver's protection systems at the crash time. For example, this system will modify, in function of driver's characteristics, the volume of airbags, the seat adjustments, or the pretentionners' performances. This doctoral thesis contributed to create this new concept and to develop the methodology. This methodology will allow to detect, in real time, the driver's behaviour and position, from results obtained with driving simulator tests.
Complete list of metadatas

https://hal-uphf.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03018778
Contributor : Julie Cagniard <>
Submitted on : Monday, November 23, 2020 - 9:50:49 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, November 28, 2020 - 3:21:12 AM

File

2009VALE0002_HETIER_MICKAEL.pd...
Files produced by the author(s)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-03018778, version 1

Collections

Citation

Mickaël Hétier. Analyse et quantification des comportements des conducteurs automobiles lors des phases de pré-crash : Contribution au développement d'un modèle de détection des postures de conduite en temps réel. Génie mécanique [physics.class-ph]. Université de Valenciennes et du Hainaut-Cambrésis, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009VALE0002⟩. ⟨tel-03018778⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

5

Files downloads

6