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Les TICs et SIG au service d'un dispositif collaboratif multi-acteuriel : le cas d'un assainissement urbain durable

Abstract : Over the last decades, the use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) has become important and more widespread. Indeed, these technologies have undergone unprecedented progress. Examples include access to the Internet, telephones and tablets equipped with data mining tools as well as data transmission and communication tools. All these technologies have become increasingly powerful, accessible, and usable in all areas by many people at all levels of our daily lives. At the same time, Geographic Information Systems (GIS) have gradually begun to offer support for decision-making and collaboration (e.g., participatory GIS and GeoWeb). They have very remarkable capacities to integrate multi-source, multi-actor and multi-scale data.Despite all these advantages offered by ICTs and GIS it is noted that there is a certain methodological weakness in the collaboration between professional actors for collection, transformation, and exchange of geographic information during technical processes such as those of urban sanitation. In addition, although the population has become an important producer of data thanks to ICTs, this population is not involved enough in technical processes by professional actors.Our proposal is based on the hypothesis that developing a Geo-Collaborative Multi-Actor (GCMA) approach requires the association of ICTs with GIS tools. We seek to demonstrate this for sustainable urban sanitation purposes.The chosen approach for this study is founded in a systemic analysis of communication to act on a territory while intending to turn several actors (professionals and/or non-professionals) into collaborators in the processes of management, diagnosis, monitoring and decision support on a territory. We considered two scenarios for applying this study: a "monitoring/management" scenario and a "diagnosis/design" scenario to move towards sustainable urban sanitation.Through the first scenario we demonstrated that it is possible to better involve the population in technical processes of acting on a territory thus contributing to transform the inhabitant into a smart inhabitant, the pillar of a smart city. The second scenario led to the development of complementary technical solutions that are more collaborative between urban sanitation-professionals.We tested both scenarios in the Lamkansa district of Casablanca, a district that represents the problems of state and sanitation management found in many districts with disadvantaged sanitary means.
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https://hal-uphf.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03377238
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Submitted on : Thursday, October 14, 2021 - 10:00:10 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, November 23, 2021 - 9:44:55 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03377238, version 1

Citation

Abdessalam Hijab. Les TICs et SIG au service d'un dispositif collaboratif multi-acteuriel : le cas d'un assainissement urbain durable. Sciences de l'information et de la communication. Université Polytechnique Hauts-de-France, 2021. Français. ⟨NNT : 2021UPHF0028⟩. ⟨tel-03377238⟩

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