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A propos de noms d'humains (dis)qualifiants: un imbécile vs un salaud et leurs paradigmes

Abstract : In the present work, we propose to distinguish, among the nouns denoting humans that Milner (1978) identifies as “qualifying”, two subclasses (at least), whose members, apart from their shared properties (they all serve as nouns for insults), show important distinctive features. Many (but not all) of these nouns can also be used as adjectives. The nouns of the first class refer to humans afflicted with a mental deficiency (an imbecile, an idiot), whereas those of the second one encode in their meaning a moral deficiency (a bastard, a crook). In order to justify this distinction, firstly we explore the notion of agentivity and the different constructions where it plays a crucial role; secondly, we establish the connection between the nouns of the two subclasses and their corresponding nominalizations which reveal the semantic specificity of each of the two, through the notions of quality and action.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, June 29, 2021 - 11:19:36 AM
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  • HAL Id : hal-03273443, version 1


Vassil Mostrov, Nelly Flaux. A propos de noms d'humains (dis)qualifiants: un imbécile vs un salaud et leurs paradigmes. 5e Congrès Mondial de Linguistique Française, Jul 2016, Tours, France. ⟨hal-03273443⟩



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