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Modelling of Safety Instrumented Systems by using Bernoulli trials: towards the notion of odds on for SIS failures analysis

Abstract : This paper deals with the modeling of a random failures process of a Safety Instrumented System (SIS). It aims to identify the expected number of failures for a SIS during its lifecycle. Indeed, the fact that the SIS is a system being tested periodically gives the idea to apply Bernoulli trials to characterize the random failure process of a SIS and thus to verify if the PFD (Probability of Failing Dangerously) experimentally obtained agrees with the theoretical one. Moreover, the notion of "odds on" found in Bernoulli theory allows engineers and scientists determining easily the ratio between "outcomes with success: failure of SIS" and "outcomes with unsuccess: no failure of SIS" and to confirm that SIS failures occur sporadically. A Stochastic P-temporised Petri net is proposed and serves as a reference model for describing the failure process of a 1oo1 SIS architecture. Simulations of this stochastic Petri net demonstrate that, during its lifecycle, the SIS is rarely in a state in which it cannot perform its mission. Experimental results are compared to Bernoulli trials in order to validate the powerfulness of Bernoulli trials for the modeling of the failures process of a SIS. The determination of the expected number of failures for a SIS during its lifecycle opens interesting research perspectives for engineers and scientists by completing the notion of PFD.
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Submitted on : Thursday, November 4, 2021 - 5:15:01 PM
Last modification on : Friday, November 5, 2021 - 4:22:58 AM

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Laurent Cauffriez. Modelling of Safety Instrumented Systems by using Bernoulli trials: towards the notion of odds on for SIS failures analysis. 13th European Workshop on Advanced Control and Diagnosis, Nov 2016, Lille, France. pp.012057, ⟨10.1088/1742-6596/783/1/012057⟩. ⟨hal-03414914⟩

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