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Numerical Study of the Toughness of Complex Metal Matrix Composite Topologies

Abstract : Fracture toughness tests (compact tension) of a dual material composed of a structured Metal Matrix Composite (MMC) (martensitic steel and titanium carbides, named MS-TiC) surrounded by martensitic steel (MS) are simulated with a Discrete Elements Model (DEM) developed with the GranOO Workbench. The MMC structures are micro-lattices such as gyroid, octet-truss and Face and Body-Centered Cubic with Z-truss (FBCCZ). The volume fraction of these MMC inserts and their cell size are fixed, the influence of the cell orientation is studied. The aim of the study is to determine the configuration of topology (shape and cell orientation) which absorbs the most energy and is the most crack resistant. From experimental tests, the Young’s moduli and the failure stresses of the MMC material and the metal are estimated, and thanks to beam network discretization, a local stiffness and a failure criterion are evaluated to finally obtain a crack propagation path. To verify the suitability of the DEM model, a Compact Tension (CT) experimental test on MMC specimens is performed and a stress intensity factor is computed. A good agreement with an error less than 10% is obtained between experimental and simulated KIc with values respectively equal to 35 and 37 MPam. From DEM simulations based on the CT tests, the FBCCZ cell absorbs the most energy at the crack propagation compared to other structures and the steel. The crack propagation length depends on the shape of the topology. The originality of the study lies in the modeling, with granular properties using DEM, of the mechanical and elastic fracture behavior of these topological structures classically solved by Finite Elements Method (FEM): the microscopic constitutive relations have been validated macroscopically by experimental tests on homogeneous MMC materials.
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Submitted on : Monday, November 22, 2021 - 3:41:01 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, November 23, 2021 - 3:46:39 AM

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Julie Lemesle, Cédric Hubert, Maxence Bigerelle. Numerical Study of the Toughness of Complex Metal Matrix Composite Topologies. Applied Sciences, MDPI, 2020, 10 (18), pp.6250. ⟨10.3390/app10186250⟩. ⟨hal-03440874⟩

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