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Online Fouling Detection of Domestic Hot Water Heat Exchangers

Abstract : Due to hardness of cold water supply in many countries, there is a risk of fouling in domestic hot water (DHW) counterflow plate heat exchangers. The scaling will result in increased resistance to heat transfer, which has negative effects on the economics of the district heating network. A common approach is to clean or change the heat exchanger periodically, which can be expensive if only limited fouling has occurred (unnecessary) or if a higher than expected scaling layer has formed (inefficiency). A better approach is to monitor the state of the heat exchangers and clean them when actually required. This would result in more energy-efficient operation and provide an optimum schedule for heat exchanger cleaning. This can be simple if the heat exchangers are operating under steady-state conditions; however, if large variations in the inlets are experienced, as is the case with the mass flows in DHW heat exchangers, it quickly becomes impossible with standard methods. In this paper it is proposed to monitor the state of the heat exchanger online by using measurements that are easily obtainable under normal operation and applying fast mathematical models to estimate the overall heat transfer coefficient of the heat exchanger. The results show that the methods proposed can be used to detect fouling in DHW heat exchangers.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, November 24, 2021 - 12:01:54 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 25, 2021 - 3:45:35 AM

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Oddgeir Guðmundsson, Ólafur Pétur Pálsson, Halldor Pálsson, Sylvain Lalot. Online Fouling Detection of Domestic Hot Water Heat Exchangers. Heat Transfer Engineering, Taylor & Francis, 2016, 37 (15), pp.1231-1241. ⟨10.1080/01457632.2015.1119584⟩. ⟨hal-03446026⟩

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