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Enhanced precision of ankle torque measure with an open-unit dynamometer mounted with a 3D force-torque sensor

Abstract : Purpose: Many studies have focused on maximum torque exerted by ankle joint muscles during plantar flexion. While strength parameters are typically measured with isokinetic or isolated ankle dynamometers, these devices often present substantial limitations for the measurement of torque because they account for force in only 1 dimension (1D), and the device often constrains the body in a position that augments torque through counter movements. The purposes of this study were to determine the contribution of body position to ankle plantar-flexion torque and to assess the use of 1D and 3D torque sensors. Methods: A custom designed 'Booted, Open-Unit, Three dimension, Transportable, Ergometer' (B.O.T.T.E.) was used to quantify plantar flexion in two conditions: (1) when the participant was restrained within the unit (locked-unit) and (2) when the participant's position was independent of the ankle dynamometer (open-unit). Ten young males performed maximal voluntary isometric plantar-flexion contractions using the B.O.T.T.E. in open and locked-unit mechanical configurations. Results: The B.O.T.T.E. was reliable with ICC higher than 0.90, and CV lower than 7 %. The plantar-flexion maximal resultant torque was significantly higher in the locked-unit compared with open-unit configuration (P < 0.001; +61 to +157 %) due to the addition of forces from the body being constrained within the testing device. A 1D compared with 3D torque sensor significantly underestimated the proper capacity of plantar-flexion torque production (P < 0.001; -37 to -60 %). Conclusions: Assessment of plantar-flexion torque should be performed with an open-unit dynamometer mounted with a 3D sensor that is exclusive of accessory muscles but inclusive of all ankle joint movements.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, January 11, 2022 - 11:06:43 AM
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Anis Toumi, Sebastien Leteneur, Christophe Gillet, Jean-François Debril, Nicolas Decoufour, et al.. Enhanced precision of ankle torque measure with an open-unit dynamometer mounted with a 3D force-torque sensor. European Journal of Applied Physiology, Springer Verlag, 2015, 115 (11), pp.2303-2310. ⟨10.1007/s00421-015-3210-0⟩. ⟨hal-03520701⟩



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