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La recherche d'une "phonograhie" : Le traitement de la voix dans La Comédie humaine de Balzac

Abstract : The perception of human voice was deeply renewed during the XVIIIth century, when philosophers and writers started to notice how dense, how transparent, how expressive and seducing it is. Balzac is one of the first novelists who takes these changes into account : La Comédie humaine affords, for the first time, a modern sensitivity to the voice, spoken or singing. The aim of this work is to study how the Balzacian novel approaches this new object. Balzac probes into all its contradictions, and first of all, the voice’s undecidable substance. It may either root the vocal phenomenon into the sensitivity and acknowledge its sensuality (La Comédie humaine establishes a real eroticism of the voices), or, on the other hand, assimilate the voice to the psychè. It bears an ontological dimension, which connects it with Balzac’s conception of energetic moves. There is also a paradox between the irresistible seduction the voice exerts on the listener, and the power of meaning it may provide : they may either combine or contradict. Because of its richness and complex meaning, the voice competes with words : thus it challenges the writing, and threatens the writer’s art. Ephemeral by definition, it is inevitably lost in the transcription : it is then a challenge to the writer, and Balzac is one of the first who rises to it. His exploration of a “phonographic” writing, which intends to record all the richness and complexity of the voice in the writing, is the objective of this study
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Sandra Jacquemoud-Collet. La recherche d'une "phonograhie" : Le traitement de la voix dans La Comédie humaine de Balzac. Littératures. Université de Valenciennes et du Hainaut Cambraisis, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009VALE0036⟩. ⟨tel-03065285⟩

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